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WHAT TO OBSERVE THROUGH A MICROSCOPE

 

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0 - Presentation
This presentation describes the aims, the organization and the spirit of these articles of guide to the observation with the microscope. It supplies a bibliography of general works and a collection of Internet links.

1 - The Fresh Water Life
This article introduces you to the observation of life forms which live in fresh water environments such puddles and ponds. Protozoa are living beings so strange that you will feel as through you have landed on an alien planet. It also describes some multicellular forms of life which inhabit the same places.

2 - Small Terrestrial Animals
This guide deals mainly with insects and other land arthropods. According to the scientists, there are dozens of millions of arthropod species in the world and little more than a million of them have been classified. You will have a lot of time to spend in searching out and observing them!

3 - Lower Plants (Cryptogams)
Mosses, Liverworts, Ferns, Mushrooms, Moulds and Lichens are quite primitive plants which are still bound to water for their reproduction. You can find them in damp and shady habitats. Do not let their humble appearance deceive you, their form and biological solutions are in fact very interesting.

4 - Flowering Plants (Phanerogams)
What is more beautiful than a meadow in spring? For amateur microscopists it is a true world of marvels and it is completely free. In a meadow, in a wood and in many other environments, you can find thousands of species and you can observe their flowers, ovaries, fruits, seeds, leaves, stems, meristems, roots, etc. You can also obtain thin sections of them and observe them at high magnification.

5 - Minerals and Crystals  (Rodolfo Tagliaferri) (in Italian only)
In spite of the small number of processes for crystallization, the variety of shapes that the crystals can take is astounding. Especially if you observe them through a microscope, the crystals will show you their wonderful architectures. A lot of Internet links will supply you much other interesting information.

6 - Facilities for Explorations
The search for samples to observe and the preparation of them is often made easier by special tools and facilities. Here, we will show you how to observe bugs with a telescope as to not trouble them, how to "set up" a photographic station, how to smooth down and to frost glass plates, how to build little aquaria to breed water plants and animals and to obtain pictures and movies of water organisms.

7 - Practical Elements of Optical Microscopy (Giovanni Pietro Sini) (in Italian only)
This handbook describes the structure and the mode of operation of the stereoscopic and the biological compound microscopes. It will allow you to get more from these instruments and to obtain sharper images. This handbook will supply you with the basic concepts of optical microscopy.

8 - How to Prepare Microscope Slides (Marco Brusadin) (in Italian only)
This handbook deals with the methods to obtain permanent slides in histology, in hematology and microbiology. It is addressed to amateur microscopists and to university students in order to bring them close to professional methods. Instead of describing many different techniques, it focuses on the fundamentals.

9 - How to Obtain Hematological Slides (Marco Brusadin) (in Italian only)
This guide is addressed to students and amateur microscopists who would like to deepen their knowledge in the field of the morphology of human blood cells. It supplies proven techniques of preparation that are like those non-automated techniques which are used in the laboratories.

10 - Outline of Plant Microtechnique (Giovanni Pietro Sini) (in Italian only)
This handbook is addressed to that amateurs who want make plant slides. It is a work that collect many recipes and techniques to fix, to die, to dissect, etc. These methods are applied to the main vegetable groups and they are an important starting point for those who want study the world of plants by means of a microscope.

11 - L'esame Microscopico degli Organi Emopoietici. (Marco Brusadin) (in Italian only)
Con questo articolo, l'autore ha voluto offrire un "compagno di viaggio" ai dilettanti che si accostano al meraviglioso mondo della microscopia, con particolare riguardo ai preparati istologici e citologici degli organi emopoietici. Chiunque voglia compiere preparazioni descritte nel presente documento tenuto a leggere la pagina di Avvertimenti .

 

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